In December 2019, some social media customers encountered a meme on Fb containing the declare that “unlawful immigrants” had killed 10,150 folks in 2018:
This meme, which seems to have originated on the web site Hardnox And Buddies, rehashes an oft-repeated false rumor about unlawful immigration. In June 2018, for example, an identical declare circulated on social media holding that “unlawful immigrants” had killed 63,000 Americans since Sept. 11, 2001 (False). The variety of Individuals allegedly killed on this method was modified from 63,000 in just below 20 years to over 83,000 in single yr in one other variation of this declare.
Once more, this rumor was false.
One purpose these memes can’t appear to agree on the numbers is as a result of they seem like pulled from skinny air. They aren’t based mostly on scientific research, census knowledge, or information reviews.
Once we take a look at obtainable info on murder charges associated to unlawful immigration, we discover the numbers within the aforementioned instances have been grossly exaggerated.
In response to a report from the the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) for fiscal yr 2018, simply over 1,600 murder convictions have been on the legal information of individuals arrested by ICE for being within the nation illegally. ICE reported an identical variety of murder convictions (1,531) the earlier yr. That is nicely under the 10,150 claimed within the viral meme.
We additionally discovered the viral statistic doesn’t mesh with what we all know in regards to the nationwide homicide fee. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program discovered that an estimated 16,214 murders occurred in 2018. If the statistic within the viral meme have been correct, that might imply unlawful immigration was chargeable for greater than 60% of all murders. However these numbers don’t add up. Not solely do such immigrants solely make up roughly three% of the overall U.S. inhabitants, research present they’re much less prone to commit crime than their native-born counterparts:
The overwhelming majority of analysis finds that immigrants don’t improve native crime charges and that they’re much less prone to trigger crime and fewer prone to be incarcerated than their native-born friends. There’s much less analysis on unlawful immigrant criminality, however what analysis there may be reveals that unlawful immigrants have decrease incarceration charges nationwide and within the state of Texas relative to native-born Individuals, though they’ve the identical charges of re-arrest in Los Angeles County. In line with these findings, immigration enforcement packages focusing on unlawful immigrant criminals don’t have any impact on native crime charges, which signifies that they’re about as crime inclined as different residents.
Along with grossly exaggerating the variety of Individuals killed through unlawful immigration in 2018, the viral meme additionally botches the variety of folks killed in mass shootings. No set definition exists for “mass taking pictures,” so statistics on the variety of deaths from mass shootings range from outlet to outlet. Nevertheless, now we have come throughout no credible reporting that states “194” folks died throughout mass shootings in 2018.
In response to Mom Jones, which makes use of a strict definition of mass taking pictures (“indiscriminate rampages in public locations leading to 4 or extra victims killed by the attacker”), 80 folks have been killed throughout mass shootings in 2018. In response to the Gun Violence Archive, which makes use of a looser definition, roughly 370 deaths from mass shootings occurred in 2018.